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Tzemah Yoreh
Exodus: From Egypt to Sinai

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In the earliest version of the Exodus account the Israelites were not enslaved, only prevented from leaving; there were not ten plagues, only three; and the firstborn Egyptians weren’t killed because the Israelites left after the plague of darkness. Only 3000 of them left because that is how many Israelites there were, not 600,000; and perhaps most shockingly of all, when they arrived at Mount Sinai they received only seven commandments, not ten. Exodus: From Egypt to Sinai traces the development of this uniquely divergent account and its slow development into the canonical text of the Book of Exodus.